Use of areas closed to fishing as a diversification strategy to reduce the risk of over-fishing

Along with more traditional regulation of catch and fishing effort, areas closed to harvesting (hereafter closures) have long been used by fisheries managers as tools for the conservation and management of marine habitats. Closures may, broadly, impact on fisheries through two related but different means. Firstly, they may serve as a refuge for animals that grow within the closure and are harvested outside the closure (export of adults). Secondly, and more indirectly,… Read More